The above artwork depicts Mephistopheles as being a female (Daemon) spirit, who is primarily associated with the Faust (Dr Faustus) legend of a Sorcerer (scholar) based on the historical Johann Georg Faust who wagers his soul against the Devil. Mephistopheles first appeared in the late 16th century Faust chapbooks.
In the 1725 version which was read by Goethe, Mephistopheles is a Devil in the form of a grey friar summoned by Faust in a wood outside Wittenberg; whereas, a female Devil would manifest as a Nun. A sexual female Devil (Lucifer/Satan) and her legions of Succubae would have made more sense symbolically, considering that the Devil rebels against the celibate Abrahamic God of an all male patriarchal fixation. Alas, such symbolic logic was never utilised of a rebellion within any of the so called banned Devil tomes.
The name Mephistopheles already appears in the 1527 Praxis Magia Faustiana, printed in…
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